BBC News – Encephalitis outbreak in India’s West Bengal kills 60

At least 60 people died in a recent outbreak of viral encephalitis in the eastern Indian state of West Bengal, a top health official has said.
Doctors say patients come from seven affected districts in northern Bengal.
The disease usually occurs during the monsoon season across northern India and West Bengal is normally not among the worst-affected states.
Encephalitis causes brain inflammation and can result in brain damage. Symptoms include headaches and fever.
West Bengal health official Biswaranjan Satpathy told reporters there had been a sudden spike in cases and deaths from encephalitis between 7 and 20 July and the situation had now reached “alarming proportions”.
He could not identify a specific reason for the rise.
“It wasn’t like this in June, it suddenly shot up,” Mr Satpathy said, while visiting a hospital in the town of Siliguri in northern Bengal.
“We are dedicated to this. The cases are happening and that’s why people are here. We are trying to help everyone.”
Several thousand people, mostly children, have died of encephalitis in northern India – Uttar Pradesh and Bihar – since the first case was detected in the mid-1970s.
via BBC News – Encephalitis outbreak in India’s West Bengal kills 60.
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Why insulin is needed for our body?

Insulin is a hormone produced by our pancreas (an organ found in our abdomen). Insulin stores the sugar, fat and protein that we take through our diet.

When the body is lacking insulin or insulin in not able to work efficiently, as in case of diabetes, sugar can’t be stored in our body anymore and hence the level of the sugar in blood increases.

At certain times the fat level in blood can rise due to deficiency of insulin, causing a condition called ketoacidosis (since free fatty acids break down to ketone bodies and makes our body acidic).

Therefore, for our body to function properly insulin is required. Insulin can be taken in injectable forms, beneath our skin, when needed.

For all your health concerns be guided your health care provider and not this blog.

BBC News – HIV infection rate in the US falls by a third in a decade

The rate of HIV infections diagnosed in the United States has fallen by a third over the past decade, researchers say.

After examining cases from all 50 states, the study found that the diagnosis rate fell to 16.1 per 100,000 people in 2011 from 24.1 in 2002.

Experts celebrated the findings as a hopeful sign that the Aids epidemic may be slowing in the country.

However, there was a rise in new cases of HIV among gay and bisexual men aged under 24 and over 45.

HIV is the virus that causes Aids, a disease which destroys the immune system.

The World Health Organization estimates 35 million people globally have the virus. More than 1 million people in the US are thought to be infected, with 18% unaware of their infections.

via BBC News – HIV infection rate in the US falls by a third in a decade.

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