Best quotes are written in situations of pain or grief.

Thought of life💭

Freedom is the sweetest thing man can imagine of.

Heads Up! Human Head Transplant in the Works : Discovery News

An Italian doctor is moving forward with plans to transplant a human head to another body, reported New Scientist.

Sergio Canavero, from the Turin Advanced Neuromodulation Group in Italy, told New Scientist that he will announce his project officially in June at the American Academy of Neurological and Orthopaedic Surgeons’ annual meeting.

Canavero has been talking about moving the head of one person to the body of another since 2013 and has presumeably been thinking about it, and its medical and ethical hurdles, far longer. Continue reading

Pathologic jaundice in newborns

Pathologic jaundice in newborns
Criteria to be fulfilled to call newborn jaundice as pathologic –
-appearance of jaundice with in the first 24 hours of life
-high levels of conjugated bilirubin – causing staining of nappies
-clinical jaundice beyond 3rd week of life
-high total bilirubin levels Continue reading

How frequently can newborn babies be given a bath?


How frequently can newborn babies be given a bath ?
Bathing is important daily activity of most adults, but it’s not totally the same for newborn babies. Continue reading

When is weight loss normal in newborns?

Most parents are concerned when their baby losses weight. Although weight loss is a important indicator of health problem, at certain instances it can be normal.
Newborn babies generally losses about 10% of their body weight in the first week of life and this is a normal finding in otherwise healthy newborn babies.

Continue reading

Multi drug resistant tuberculosis

Multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is defined astuberculosis that is resistant to at least isoniazid (INH) andrifampicin (RMP),[1] the two most powerful first-line treatmentanti-TB drugs.[2] Isolates that are multiply resistant to any other combination of anti-TB drugs but not to INH and RMP are not classed as MDR-TB. Continue reading

DOTS (Directly Observed Treatment, Short-Course)

DOTS (directly observed treatment, short-course), is the name given to the tuberculosis control strategy recommended by theWorld Health Organization.[1] According to WHO, “The most cost-effective way to stop the spread of TB in communities with a high incidence is by curing it. The best curative method for TB is known as DOTS.”[2] DOTS has five main components:
Continue reading

Tuberculosis in HIV

People living with HIV are from 26-31 times more likely to develop TB than persons without HIV. TB is the most common presenting illness among people living with HIV, including among those taking antiretroviral treament and it is the major cause of HIV-related death.
Continue reading

Treatment of tuberculosis of newborn baby

It’s not very easy to know if a newborn infant got infected by tuberculosis from his mother (ie congenital) or acquired it after birth.

Whatever may be the cause strong suspicion should be there if the mother has tuberculosis.
Continue reading

Small Study Links Lack of Sleep to Type 2 Diabetes Risk: MedlinePlus

Researchers say lack of sleep can lead to increased levels of substances called free fatty acids in the blood. These substances interfere with the ability of the hormone insulin to regulate blood sugar levels.

The researchers said these findings suggest that high rates of obesity and diabetes could be reduced by something as simple as having people get more sleep. Continue reading

Ecg – what is the normal height of T wave?

There are two types of ecg leads,  limb leads and precordial or chest leads. 

The height of T waves are different for these two type of leads.

In limb leads- less than 5 mm.
In precordial leads- less than 🔟 mm.

So if the length is more than the above mentioned values it’s probably not normal.

For various medical conditions particularly those associated with angina or infarction of the heart ♥ .

How do newborn babies get tuberculosis at birth

How do newborn babies get tuberculosis at birth?

Getting tuberculosis at birth is also called congenital tuberculosis. Although its alarming, it’s not very common. Continue reading

Up to what age should babies be breast fed?


Up to what age should babies be breast feed?

Many mothers, more in underdeveloped and developing countries, are in the dilemma, how many months should they breast feed their children.

Ideally, one can breast feed upto 1 year. In some places practice may be even upto first 24 months of life.

Continue reading

Diabetes and urine microalbumin

Urine microalbumin is a test in which we look for microalbumin levels in urine. This test is commonly recommended for diabetic patients. Usual recommendations are to check its level every year.
Continue reading

How to calculate intravenous fluid drop rate?

How to calculate intravenous fluid drop rate?
We will discuss here how to calculate the number of drops of fluid to be given to a patient.

We will do it by a example.

Before we look into the example we should no a fact that 1ml of fluid is equal to 20 drops.

Now we will begin. Continue reading

Does exposure to cold causes common cold?

Many a times, we find that if we didn’t take proper protection from cold, we might catch a cold and have runny nose and fever for a week. That means we can get a viral due to cold sometimes.

Getting exposure to cold means getting a cold – is not the rule, if it was so then 99% of the inhabitants of the cold weather nations should have got flu 24*7 and 365 days. However, that don’t happen. Cold weather don’t necessarily mean you will get a ‘common cold’, a dirty viral illness which can spoil your new year celebrations. Continue reading

Guillain–Barré syndrome (GBS)

Today our discussion will be about a disease called Guillain–Barré syndrome (GBS).
This is a condition happens when our immune system attacks the covering sheath of our peripheral nerves, known as myelin. If peripheral nerves confuse you, simply understand that most of nervous system outside the brain and spinal cord are referred as peripheral. Continue reading

How to save yourself from drowning?

If you fall into water:
– Try to remain calm
– Get on your back and attempt to float
– Try to conserve as much energy as possible Continue reading

Drones for drowning!

Drones are used for everything from shooting films to monitoring livestock, but now two Iranian engineers are attempting to use drones to rescue people in danger of drowning

Continue reading

Office puts chips under staff’s skin – BBC News

Want to gain entry to your office, get on a bus, or perhaps buy a sandwich? We’re all getting used to swiping a card to do all these things. But at Epicenter, a new hi-tech office block in Sweden, they are trying a different approach – a chip under the skin. Continue reading

Skeleton sacks baffle India police – BBC News

Dozens of skeletons and decayed body parts have been discovered in a disused room of an Indian police building. Continue reading

Knee Pain While Using Stairs May Be First Sign of Arthritis: MedlinePlus

Having knee pain while using the stairs may be an early sign of arthritis, a new study suggests. Continue reading

Polio vaccine: oral or injection 💉 – which one should be given to the children?


Oral polio drops are most popular for its use in various immunization camps organized by various health organizations around the world, particularly in 3rd world nations. Continue reading

OTC eye drops causing vision loss in many, doctors warn | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis

Indiscriminate use of eye drops bought over the counter (OTC), without a doctor’s prescription, almost cost an 18-year-old his vision. The teenager (name withheld on request), who is to appear for his HSC exams, developed cataract and near blindness. Doctor say the trend of relying on chemists for eye drops is becoming a growing problem. Continue reading

Intravenous fluid calculations

One common problem encountered by medical students, nursing students and sometimes even to practicing doctors is intravenous (iv) fluid calculation.

There may be various ways to determine how much maintenance fluid to be given intravenously, however the author will discuss here one commonly practiced technique practiceed by certain medical practitioners.

First you should be oriented with the formula depicted below in the diagram -


Continue reading

BBC News – India MP Sakshi Maharaj: Hindus must have more babies

A hard-line Indian MP has sparked outrage by urging Hindu women to have at least four children “in order to protect the Hindu religion”. Continue reading

Lumber puncture

What is a lumber puncture?

It is a procedure in which a needle (specially made for this purpose) is inserted through the lower back (ie the lumber region) to gain access to the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).

Why is it performed? Continue reading



Heart attack fear 😱 and chest pain

imageWho is not afraid of a heart attack?

Probably everyone fears a heart attack. Heart attack commonly presents with chest pain. However, not every chest pain is a heart attack. Continue reading

BBC News – India arrests five for kidnap and rape of Japanese woman

Five men have been arrested in India charged with kidnapping and repeatedly raping a Japanese student.

Police in the eastern city of Calcutta say the assaults took place over a period of more than a month from 23 November and in at least two locations. Continue reading

BBC News – EU migration: Traffickers ‘made $3m’ on ship to Italy

Police in Italy believe traffickers made some $3m (£1.9m; €2.5m) from 359 illegal migrants found abandoned on a cargo ship in the Mediterranean. Continue reading

Fruit eating in diabetes

Checking blood sugar levels

Huge number of people are having diabetes type 2 today. One issue common with almost all of them is the ridiculous phobia towards eating fruits. Generally the myth explored around is that fruits are going to shoot up the blood glucose level and hurt the diabetes badly.

Probably many more people are out there who share the same thought about eating fruits in diabetes. But the truth seems to be opposite, fruits are good and healthy in diabetics. Continue reading

ATM explosion in Australia while robbery

BBC News – US woman accidentally shot dead by son, two, in Idaho Wal-Mart

A woman in the US state of Idaho has been killed after her two-year-old son accidentally shot her with a gun he found when reaching into her handbag. Continue reading

Breast cancer

According to a 2008 report breast cancer is the most common cause of cancer in females and caused more than four hundred thousand deaths of women around the world in 2008 (link). Continue reading

Debris discovered from missing AirAsia Flight –


NEW: A U.S. ship has arrived, and another is being prepared, the Pentagon says

Two bodies have been sighted, an Indonesian navy official says

The debris is about 10 kilometers (6 miles) from the plane’s last known location Continue reading

BBC News – Gmail access appears to be blocked in China

Easy access to Google’s email service Gmail is now blocked in China, according to reports.

Using Gmail directly via Google’s site has been impossible in the country for some time, but locals had still been able to use third-party apps, such as Microsoft Outlook, to use the service. Continue reading

Operations management

Operations management

Operations management is an area of management concerned with overseeing, designing, and controlling the process of production and redesigning business operations in the production of goods or services. Continue reading

BBC News – AirAsia QZ8501: Indonesia plane search resumes

The search has resumed for AirAsia Indonesia flight QZ8501, a day after it went missing with 162 people on board.

A commander at Surabaya air force base in Indonesia said that visibility in the search area was good. Continue reading

BBC News – AirAsia Indonesia flight QZ8501 to Singapore missing

An AirAsia Indonesia airliner flying from Indonesia to Singapore with 162 people on board is missing.

Flight QZ8501 lost contact with air traffic control at around 06:20 local time (23:20 GMT) over the Java Sea.

The plane, an Airbus A320-200, disappeared midway into the flight of more than two hours from the city of Surabaya. No distress call was made. Continue reading

BBC – Future – How pickpockets trick your mind

My mother has eyes in the back of her head. She also taught me from an early age to be suspicious of strange men, especially when they give you presents. Which makes it all the more surprising that a “nice man” bearing flowers managed to swipe 20 euros from her purse, while she was holding it in her hands and looking straight at it.

“He said he was collecting for a church charity so I pulled out a euro,” she explains. “He said “no, no, that’s too much” and offered to look in my purse to find a smaller coin. He must have slid out the 20 euro note at the same time. I didn’t even notice until an hour later. I felt so stupid.” Continue reading

Introduction to Programming language

Now a days, the computer is a machine of everyday use at people of each levels of the society at large. However, it was once invented for the purpose of performing huge calculations unimaginable to perform manually and also required a lot of time and effort.

Continue reading

NHS crisis grows as young Britons turn their backs on family doctors | Society | The Guardian

An alarming new dimension to the NHS crisis has been revealed as data shows young adults are bypassing GPsand heading straight to overstretched A&E departments because they can’t get suitable appointments. Continue reading

Gunman kills two New York police officers – BBC News

A gunman has shot dead two police officers sitting inside a patrol car in New York before killing himself

The head of the New York police said the men had been “targeted for their uniform”.

The gunman ran into a nearby subway station where he then shot himself, officials say. Continue reading

BBC News – India launches largest rocket and unmanned capsule

India has successfully launched its largest rocket and an unmanned capsule which could send astronauts into space.

Continue reading

Pakistan Taliban: Peshawar school attack leaves 141 dead – BBC News

Militants from the Pakistani Taliban have attacked an army-run school in Peshawar, killing 141 people, 132 of them children, the military say.

Officials say the attack in the north-western city is over, with all the attackers killed. Seven militants took part in all, according to the army. Continue reading

Why India’s mobile network is broken – BBC News

Claire Verhagen’s first encounter with India was at the end of November when she landed in Delhi and switched her phone on.

“I tried every network repeatedly for 15 minutes,” she says. “I finally connected to Airtel. I got a full signal, but I couldn’t call. I borrowed another passenger’s mobile to call my hosts.”

She had better luck on the drive to her hotel. She managed to call her husband in Belgium. The call dropped twice, though. Continue reading

In which conditions GFR increases?


Indian mentally ill women ‘at risk’ – Human Rights Watch – BBC News

Women and girls suffering from disabilities in India are forced into mental institutions and “treated worse than animals”, says the US-based Human Rights Watch (HRW) in a new report.

The women live in unsanitary conditions and are at constant risk of physical and sexual violence, it says. Continue reading